India plans to have its own space station soon to conduct a separate mission, with the object to study the Sun and Venus, informed ISRO. This developing country moves to reinforce its status as a leader in space technologies and inspire young generations to seek interest in scientific fields.
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has stated that it will start working on its own space station project, following its first mission to space in 2022, named “Gaganyaan”. Indian Government has already sanctioned $1.5 billion (Rs. 10000 Crores) for this mission.
ISRO Chairman K. Sivan has said that the idea is to develop a separate space station in the next seven years and unveil it by 2030. He was quoted saying:
“We have to sustain the Gaganyaan Program after the launch of the human space mission. In this context, India is planning to have its own space station.”
After “Chandrayaan Mission 2”, the ISRO will introduce another mission to the Sun by unveiling “Aditya-L1” in the next year, he asserted. Another ambitious mission to Venus will be unveiled in the following 2 to 3 years, said Mr. Sivan.
India’s ISRO is equivalent to USA’s NASA.
K Sivan said that “while navigation, communication, and Earth observation are going to be the bread and butter for us, it is missions such as Chandrayaan (Sanskrit for ‘Moon Vehicle’), Mangalyaan (Sanskrit for ‘Mars Vehicle’), and Gaganyaan that excite the youth, unite the nation and also pave a technological seed for the future.”
During a press conference, the ISRO Chairman said that “this is our ambition. We want to have a separate space station. We will launch a small module for conducting microgravity experiments.”
“Gaganyaan” mission objected, sending a crew of two or three members to space for a tenure of up to 7-days. It will be placed in the low orbit of Earth at 300-400 km (186-248 miles).
After the mission is completed, the ISRO will submit a detail report to the Indian Government on how it approached setting up the space station. However, it believed that it would take at least five to seven years to develop the space station.
“Chandrayaan Mission 2” involves a lander, a rover, and an orbiter, which is developed itself by the agency. India completed its first mission to Moon in the year 2008, when it covered around 3400 orbits and played a crucial role in the discovery of water molecules present on the Moon.
Since the 1960s, ISRO had specialized in low-cost space launches, when components of rockets were transferred by bicycles and hand-made assembling. In 2014, the agency sent a spacecraft to Mars for a cost of $74 million, which is much lower than $671 million that the USA has spent for ‘Mission to Mars’ in 2014. In 2017, India introduced a flock of 104 satellites into space over the path of 18 minutes; a new global record was set.
It has also been reported that France has collaborated with India on Venus Mission.