Mother Earth has been polluted with tons and tons of plastic wastes, and we are struggling to find proper solutions to manage those wastes. Researchers at an industrial development company called Carbios have created a mutant bacterial enzyme that can break down plastic bottles into their chemical composites in less than 12 hours. Carbios have parterned with major companies such as Pepsi and L'Oreal to develop the enzyme.
The main breakthrough of this bacterial enzyme is, it can retain the high quality of the chemical composites. This means once it decomposes the plastic bottles, its ability to maintain the high-quality materials which can be reused to make top quality plastic pet bottles. Using this method will help us reduce the amount of freshly developed plastics.
Originally this bacterial enzyme was first discovered back in 2012 in a heap of composted leaves. The enzyme is called PET Hydrolase can break down 90 percent of PET polymers in just ten hours, which is excellent.
"It had been completely forgotten, but it turned out to be the best," Alain Marty at the Université de Toulouse, France, and the chief science officer at Carbios, told The Guardian.
The researchers are hoping to test the enzyme by 2021 in France and start using it on a large industry scale by 2024, 2025.