Living on Mars is such a dream that has inspired scientists to continue to study the planet in great detail. NASA, ISRO, Roscosmos and several other space research organisations are always giving efforts to gain maximum information about the neighbouring planet. But, it seems that the idea is quite advanced for Elon Musk who plans to make a journey to Mars that is available for anyone who fancies it.
A successful engineer and technology entrepreneur, Musk, has recently opened up about his plan to build a city of 1 million people on Mars by 2050. The SpaceX owner, reportedly, declared his idea to send people to the Red planet using 1,000 Starships. He made a series of tweets and said he is planning to build a two-stage rocket system which is capable enough of landing humans and cargo on Mars.
"Starship design goal is 3 flights/day avg rate, so ~1000 flights/year at >100 tons/flight, so every 10 ships yield 1 megaton [million tons] per year to orbit," Musk tweeted last night.
Musk further informed that the travel to Mars needs to be available for all people and so there will be loan arrangements for those who don't have money. However, the construction work of building the first of a fleet spacecraft has not finished yet by his company. Last month, Musk said a new Starship prototype might launch pretty soon as he tweeted 'first flight is hopefully two to three months away.' He has planned to build 100 Starships per year, that is 1000 over the next decade.
The distance between Earth and Mars varies a lot depending on their orbits and SpaceX is planning to execute their plan when the two planets come at a minimum distance. “So a million people by 2050?” asked one Twitter user, to which Musk replied “Yes”.
However, the problem will not get solved only by reaching on the red planet as humans will also need food, water, and most importantly, Oxygen there to survive. Being positioned so far from the sun, the temperatures on Mars can be extremely low that is around -80 degrees Fahrenheit on average. Moreover, there is no ozone layer or protective layer on Mars to block the ultraviolet rays. The harmful radiation reaches the rusty soil, which can destroy any organic molecules. Almost all water on Mars are found as ice forms and also exists in small quantities. So there are still many obstacles that will keep Musk busy for a few more years.
Once successfully launched, Starship will become the most powerful launch system ever. The full Starship launch system would also include a 22-story rocket booster called Super Heavy. The company is capable of making as many as 20 different prototypes. The SpaceX CEO has claimed that Starship rocket can be used in future to travel on Earth, carrying passengers anywhere under an hour.