We are often amazed by lightning that is a natural electrical discharge appearing in the sky. A lot of research was carried out to discover the process of giant fire that fascinates us by its mesmerizing quality. Lightning is an electric current that occurs in the cloud. Let us tell you that not all clouds produce thunder.
When the temperature at the top of the clouds, comes below freezing, the cloud turns into a thundercloud. Moreover, the water vapor turns into ice. After that, tiny sizes of ice bumps get collided with each other releasing electrical discharge. Positive and negative charges produce a giant spark between the two charges in the cloud. So here, we will share with you ten exciting lighting facts that will make awestruck you.
1. The Lightning Bolt is Five-Times Hotter than the Sun.
Have you any idea how hot is lightning bolt? Every flash of lightning is around 50,000 Fahrenheit, which roughly five times hotter than the surface of the sun. On the other side, the temperature of the sun’s surface is just 10,340 Fahrenheit. No hard to imagine any water in lightning’s path gets immediately vaporized.
2. Speed of Lightning
The lightning flash propagates from the cloud at a rate near about 220,000 miles per hour. The return stroke comes upward at a speed of approximately 220,000,000 miles per hour, which is about 1/3 the speed of light.
3. A Thunder Can Get Listened 10 Miles Away from the Lightning
Usually, we hear thunder first and then lightning because light travels faster than sound. At the time of discharge, lightning bolt travels at 270,000 miles per hour. The interesting fact is, thunder can get listened as far as 10 miles away from the lightning that caused it.
4. How Many Volts are in a Lightning Strike?
Every lightning flash is around 300,000,000 volts and about 30,000 amps. Many people are interested to know whether a bolt of lightning holds the energy to power a town or not. It is difficult to answer, but a single lightning strike can have up to a billion volts of electricity. It can release enough energy to operate a 100 watt light bulb for 90 days. In another way, the energy is the same amount of power as 79.4 million car batteries.
5. "Lightning Never Strikes Twice" is Just a Myth
There is a myth that lightning never strikes the same place twice. However, the fact is not real as the Empire State Building in New York is reportedly struck by lightning nearly 24 times a year. It was once struck eight times in 24 times. Another example is the statue of Christ, the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, which is usually gets struck several times a year.
6. Venezuela has the Highest Concentration of Lightning
All over the world, lightning flashes more than 3 million times a day, which mean, 40 times in a second. As per the Guinness Book of World, Lake Maracaibo, right off the Caribbean Sea, holds the record for “highest concentration of lightning.” In every minute, nearly 30 lightning flashes occur. Scientists say the air above the lake is conductive due to the abundance of methane from oil fields.
7. Lightning can Strike Multiple Places at a Time
A single lightning bolt can indeed hit more than one place at the same time. Two years ago, the tallest buildings of Chicago, Trump Tower, the Willis Tower, and the John Hancock Building were hit by a single lightning strike. A videographer recorded it.
8. Most of the Lighting Never Touches the Ground
You will be surprised to know that ninety percent of lightning never reaches the ground. They never leave the cloud but travel from cloud to cloud in differently charged areas.
9. Lightning Kills About 2,000 People Every Year
After reading the power of lightning, you can imagine how dangerous it is. Every year, about 2,000 people are killed all over the world due to lightning. People who survive luckily suffer from life-long injuries like memory loss, weakness, numbness, and other ailments.
10. What Objects Lightning Target Mainly?
Tall objects such as skyscrapers and trees are very often seen struck by lightning. The reason is that the tall objects are closer to the base of the storm cloud. The mountains are also good targets. However, not always tall objects are targeted. It depends on where the charge accumulates.